Queen Anne series research
This series of women in high ranking positions is a major series that will be broken down into several parts. As you know Montrealers as well as other Canadians have a federal based system of prime ministers. We continue now with the Queens of England go on to Montreal’s only female Prime Minister of Canada, and end with the women Governor Generals of Canada.
To learn more about Canadian Prime Ministers and other Canadian or Quebec politics, both McGill University and Concordia University in Montreal offer wonderful political science degrees.
To learn more about Canadian Prime Ministers and other Canadian or Quebec politics, both McGill University and Concordia University offer wonderful political science degrees.
The tensions between Scotland and England continued
The struggle was not over, England enacted the Alien Act, in 1705, whereby the Scots would be considered aliens if they did not conform to English law and repel the Act of Security, and join forces again with England. If they refused they would lose all privileges such as landownership in England.
Queen Anne’s government went through a series of negotiations with Scotland and as a result, England and Scotland united under one authority to become the United Kingdom on May 1, 1707. Do not take this event lightly, this was a major event and a major contribution for a Queen.
The emergence of the present day parliamentary system in England
Because of the merger of Scotland and England, the English parliamentary system had to change. Under this new system of government, the emergence of the British Whigs and Tories hailed in a two party parliamentary system. Queen Anne personally preferred the Tory Party (in favor of the monarchy). The Whigs, the rival party, preferred a constitutional form of government abolishing absolute rule and in the long run given the government much more power.
The Whigs were becoming more and more powerful and a faction of the party known as the Junto Whigs which were the top echelon were instrumental in forcing Queen Anne into accepting Lord Sutherland as Secretary of State.