Elizabeth I was born in London, England on September 7, 1533. She was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn was his second wife. Her parents’ marriage was considered invalid by the Catholic church, so Elizabeth was considered illegitimate.
When Elizabeth was two years old, her mother was accused of unfaithfulness and beheaded. Elizabeth grew up without a mother, and most of her childhood was very unhappy. She did receive a very good education. She was taught Latin, Greek, and modern languages by the best scholars. These scholars had a great influence on her life.
The key turnaround point
King Henry died when Elizabeth was 14 years old. Her brother Edward VI became king, and he was only 10 years old. He died when he was only 16 years old. Elizabeth’s sister Mary then became queen. She was only 17 years old. Mary was a Catholic and Elizabeth was Protestant, so they didn’t get along. In 1558 Mary died and Elizabeth became the queen of England. She was 25 years old. She changed England to a Protestant country, and England has been a Protestant country ever since, and the Church of England began.
Elizabeth was queen of England for 45 years. While she was queen things were very peaceful, and England became very prosperous. England was able to develop many industries which was good for their economy. England became a great maritime power. One of the great explorers that was sent out by England was Sir Frances Drake. A new system of standard coins was started which made prices fall to normal levels. Also, a lot of trade took place and England became very powerful. Many writers lived during her reign as queen. One of them was William Shakespeare.
One problem she had while she was queen was with her Catholic cousin, Mary Queen of Scots. Mary thought that she should be queen of England because she considered Elizabeth illegitimate. Mary tried to have Elizabeth killed. When Elizabeth found out she had Mary put to death.
Elizabeth never married. She spent the last years of her life alone. She died in London, England on March 23, 1603.